There are many risk factors for heart disease, some are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. Some of these risk factors can be controlled and some can’t.

Risk Factors that cannot be controlled are:


The incidence of heart disease increases with age.


The incidence of heart disease is about 3-4 times higher in men than in women in the middle decades of life and approximately twice as high in the elderly.1


Presence of premature coronary disease in first degree male relatives with age < 55 years or female relatives < 65 years.2

The more controllable factors are:


The incidence and mortality of heart disease is 2-3 times as high in cigarette smokers compared to non-smokers.3


In Asians, a waist circumference of > 90 cm in men and > 80 cm in women has been found to be associated with increased heart disease risk.4


Science has shown that physical inactivity is associated with increased mortality and heart disease.5

  • 1 Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics–2006 Update
  • 2 Relation of familial patterns of coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes to sub clinical atherosclerosis: The Multi-Ethnic study of Atherosclerosis, Dec 2008
  • 3 The association between tobacco smoking and coronary heart disease, June 2015
  • 4 Waist circumference cutoff points and action levels for Asian Indians for identification of abdominal obesity, Jan 2006
  • 5 Physical Activity, Health Benefits and Mortality Risk, Oct 2012