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PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS

The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among adults over the age of 18 years in Malaysia is steeply on the rise and common cardiovascular risk factors among those over 18 years old are increasing in trend and are the same in both rural and urban areas.

We looked at the statistics between 2006 and 2015 for each of these factors and found:

  1. The percentage of Malaysians who suffer from high cholesterol has jumped enormously from 21% to 48% within 9 years – increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease tremendously
  2. Hypertension amongst Malaysians has reduced slightly
  3. Diabetes has increased by 6%
  4. Smoking continues to hover around 20+%
  5. Obesity remains as the number 1 risk factor of cardiovascular disease, and the number continues to be on a rise

Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors
Among Adults > 18 Years of Age in Malaysia

Risk Factor NHMS III 
(2006)6
NHMS IV 
(2011)7
NHMS V
(2015)8
Hypercholesterolemia* 20.7% 35.1% 47.7%
Hypertension** 32.2% 32.7% 30.3%
Diabetes*** 11.5% 15.2% 17.5%
Smoking**** 21.5% 23.1% 22.8%
Overweight / Obesity ​BMI >25 kg/m2 43.1% 44.5% 54.4%

* total cholesterol ≥ 5.2 mmol/L by finger prick test
** BP > 140/>90mmHg
*** fasting blood glucose ≥ 6.1 mmol/L by finger prick
**** current smokers ≥ 15 years of age

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